## Nth Digit in Whole Numbers

Title: Nth DigitSource: leetcode.com Find the nth digit of the infinite integer sequence 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, … Note: n is positive and will fit within the range of a 32-bit signed integer (n < 231). Python solution The intuition for the solution is thinking about what’s the ...

## Binary Watch Problem

Title: Binary Watch Source: leetcode.com A binary watch has 4 LEDs on the top which represent the hours (0-11), and the 6 LEDs on the bottom represent the minutes (0-59). Each LED represents a zero or one, with the least significant bit on the right. For example, the above binary watch reads “3:25”. Given a ...

## Leaf-Similar trees

Title: Leaf-Similar TreesSource: leetcode.com Consider all the leaves of a binary tree. From left to right order, the values of those leaves form a leaf value sequence. For example, in the given tree above, the leaf value sequence is (6, 7, 4, 9, 8). Two binary trees are considered leaf-similar if their leaf value sequence ...

## Shortest Distance to a Character

Title: Shortest Distance to a CharacterSource: leetcode.com Given a string S and a character C, return an array of integers representing the shortest distance from the character C in the string. Example 1: Input: S = “loveleetcode”, C = ‘e’ Output: [3, 2, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 2, 2, 1, 0] Note: 1. ...

## Student Attendance Record I

Title: Positions of Large Groups Source: leetcode.com You are given a string representing an attendance record for a student. The record only contains the following three characters: ‘A’ : Absent. ‘L’ : Late. ‘P’ : Present. A student could be rewarded if his attendance record doesn’t contain more than one ‘A’ (absent) or more than ...

## Positions of Large Groups

Title: Positions of Large Groups Source: leetcode.com In a string S of lowercase letters, these letters form consecutive groups of the same character. For example, a string like S = “abbxxxxzyy” has the groups “a”, “bb”, “xxxx”, “z” and “yy”. Call a group large if it has 3 or more characters. We would like the ...

## N-ary Tree PreOrder Traversal2

Title: N-ary Tree Preorder Traversal Source: leetcode.com Given an n-ary tree, return the preorder traversal of its nodes’ values. For example, given a 3-ary tree: Return its preorder traversal as: [1,3,5,6,2,4]. Note: Recursive solution is trivial, could you do it iteratively? You could find another explanation/ problem related to Preorder Traversal here. Java solution (Recursive) ...

## Image Smoother

Title: Image SmootherSource: leetcode.com Given a 2D integer matrix M representing the gray scale of an image, you need to design a smoother to make the gray scale of each cell becomes the average gray scale (rounding down) of all the 8 surrounding cells and itself. If a cell has less than 8 surrounding cells, ...

## Matrix Transpose

Title: Transpose MatrixSource: leetcode.com Code to return transpose of a matrix. Given a matrix A, return the transpose of A. The transpose of a matrix is the matrix flipped over it’s main diagonal, switching the row and column indices of the matrix. Example 1: Input: [[1,2,3],[4,5,6],[7,8,9]] Output: [[1,4,7],[2,5,8],[3,6,9]] Example 2: Input: [[1,2,3],[4,5,6]] Output: [[1,4],[2,5],[3,6]] Python ...

## Longest Palindrome

Title: Longest PalindromeSource: leetcode.com Given a string which consists of lowercase or uppercase letters, find the length of the longest palindromes that can be built with those letters. This is case sensitive, for example “Aa” is not considered a palindrome here. Note: Assume the length of given string will not exceed 1,010. Example 1: Input: ...