# Solved! Leetcode 208. Implement Trie (Prefix Tree)

### Implement Trie (Prefix Tree)

A trie (pronounced as “try”) or prefix tree is a tree data structure used to efficiently store and retrieve keys in a dataset of strings. There are various applications of this data structure, such as autocomplete and spellchecker.

Implement the Trie class:

• Trie() Initializes the trie object.
• void insert(String word) Inserts the string word into the trie.
• boolean search(String word) Returns true if the string word is in the trie (i.e., was inserted before), and false otherwise.
• boolean startsWith(String prefix) Returns true if there is a previously inserted string word that has the prefix prefix, and false otherwise.

Example 1:
Input
[“Trie”, “insert”, “search”, “search”, “startsWith”, “insert”, “search”]
[[], [“apple”], [“apple”], [“app”], [“app”], [“app”], [“app”]]
Output
[null, null, true, false, true, null, true]

Explanation
Trie trie = new Trie();
trie.insert(“apple”);
trie.search(“apple”); // return True
trie.search(“app”); // return False
trie.startsWith(“app”); // return True
trie.insert(“app”);
trie.search(“app”); // return True

Constraints:

• 1 <= word.length, prefix.length <= 2000
• word and prefix consist only of lowercase English letters.
• At most 3 * 104 calls in total will be made to insert, search, and startsWith.

• Let’s say n is the number of characters in a string
• Let’s k is the total number of strings you want to insert

Time Complexity:
Search: O(n)
Insert: O(n)
startsWith: O(n)

Space Complexity:
O(n*k)

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